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Baltų ir slavų etnogenezė
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VirginijusD
Posted 2010-03-30 20:49 (#76317 - in reply to #76223)
Subject: Beieškant baltų pėdsakų Ispanijoje...



500500500500200200
Buvo viduramžiais Aragono karalystėje (Ispanija) tokia karių kasta - almogavarai, staigiais trumpais antpuoliais (1-2 dienos) kėlusi siaubą saracėnams. Žodžio "almogavaras" kilmė nėra aiški, manoma, jis yra arabiškos kilmės...
Išskirtinis almogavarų bruožas - svaidomosios ietys-akstys ("azcona") ir trumpi kardai-kovos peiliai ("colltell"), būdingi ir mūsų protėviams...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almogavars

al

Almogavars
The Muslim conquest of Spain stopped short of the Pyrenees, probably because hill country did not suit the Arabs' mobile style of warfare. The resurgence of the Christian states in the north led to the creation of a society on a permanent war footing: the towns provided militias of foot and horse, military orders of knights based in great castles and, in the kingdom of Aragon, the almogavars. The last were a breed of aggressive light infantry who were shepherds, bandits and raiders of the Muslim kingdoms by turn. The almogavars developed in the ninth and tenth centuries as the Christians pushed south into the depopulated border lands.
Almogavars wore an open-work iron helmet, a sleeveless sheepskin jacket, the abarca (a tunic) and light but tough sandals. They carried a short spear, the azcona, javelins that could pierce armour and a knife, the colltell, which has been reconstructed as a combination of knife and butcher's cleaver. It was very heavy and wide but had a sharp point. The almogavar relied upon his mobility to deal with armoured opponents, throwing his javelins, stabbing at the horses with the azcona and cleaving through armoured joints with the colItell. The Catalan chronicler Ramon Muntaner records that one man 'gave such a cut... to a French knight that the greave with the leg came off in one piece and besides it entered half a palm into the horse's flank.' As the enemy grew close they clashed their weapons together and chanted 'Aur! Aur! Desperta Ferra!' (Listen! Listen! The iron awakes!).

(iš MATTHEW BENNETT; JIM BRADBURY; KELLY DEVRIES; lAIN DICKIE; PHYLLIS JESTICE. "FIGHTING TECHNIQUES OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLD AD 500 - AD 1500. EQUIPMENT, COMBAT SKILLS, AND TACTICS")
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Rusų mokslininkas M. Ščiukin savo monografijoje "Gotų kelias" aptaria ir balto-ispaniškus kontaktus (knyga čia )

Mokslininkas atkreipė dėmesį ne tik į gausybę gintarinių karoliukų vestgotų kapuose, bet ir į dar vieną gan įdomų atradimą...
1986 m. apie 130km į pietvakarius nuo St. Peterburgo buvo rastas kovinis vienašmenis peilis, identiškas Ispanijoje randamiems peiliams...


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